Born Estelle Peck in 1899 to artist parents in Northern California, Estelle later moved to Southern California at the age of 12. A teacher saw that she had an interest in art and recommended she attend the Otis Art Academy. While there, she met her husband, Arthur Ishigo, who was an aspiring actor. They married in 1929. However, because of anti-miscegenation laws that didn’t allow interracial couples to wed in the United States, they had to cross over the border into Mexico.

World War II brought with it the removal of Japanese immigrants and Japanese-Americans from the West Coast. While Estelle was white, her husband was a Japanese-American. They had both lost their jobs because of their last name. He was ordered to report to the county fairgrounds in Pomona, California. Estelle didn’t have to go with her husband because she was not of Japanese descent. However, they had been married thirteen years and couldn’t imagine being apart. The decision was an easy one and she went with Arthur, first to the fairgrounds and then to Heart Mountain in Wyoming.

While at Heart Mountain, Estelle Ishigo reported on the daily life at the Heart Mountain Internment Camp through her artwork. She made numerous pencil drawings and later turned many of those into paintings. There are some drawings in the camp newspaper, the Heart Mountain Sentinel. Although the drawings are not attributed to Estelle, they strongly resemble the style and technique of her work.

Arthur and Estelle stayed at the camp until it closed so that Estelle could record the last days there. When they left, they each received $25 and train tickets to go back to California. Life was not easy once they got back to California. They had nothing and lived in a series of trailer parks for many years. Arthur died in 1957.

In 1972 Estelle published a book of her drawings, Lone Heart Mountain. Later, she reconnected with friends from Heart Mountain who found her in an apartment where she was living in poverty and had lost both of her legs to gangrene. In 1984, those friends helped her republish her book and took care of her. A documentary of Estelle’s life, titled Days of Waiting, was made by filmmaker Steven Okazaki in 1990 and won an Academy Award for Best Documentary Short. Unfortunately, Estelle passed away before she was able to see the film.

Estelle and Arthur Ishigo, circa 1928. Photo courtesy of the American Heritage Center.

Searching for possessions during relocation.

Inside the canteen clothing hut.

At the mess hall counter.

Long tables in the mess hall.

Eating at a picnic table.

Showing a pass to the guard to go into town.

Man seated on a crate.

Inside the men's wash house.

Boys taking showers and baths.

Inside the women's wash house.

Children dumping dirty laundry water.

The showers in the women's wash house.

Woman taking a little boy to the men's wash house.

Grandmother sucking her finger, unable to speak English.

Women doing laundry.

Women cleaning and watching kids.

Women walking between the huts in winter.

Coal rationing on a windy day.

Scavenging wood for tables and chairs.

Making use of crates.

Boys standing for a portrait.

Rescuing a kite from a barbed wire fence.

Boy playing a bugle.

Flying kites near the graves.

Playing marbles between the barracks.

Boys ogling the girls.

Children scavenge through barrels.

Woman sweeping around barrels.

Woodcutter at his bench.

Grandmother holding a child on her back.

Going to church in the snow.

Line of children in winter.

Boys loitering around the stove.

School girl and puppy.

Boy playing in the road.

Watching theater on stage.

Riding with ranchers in the back of the bus

Baseball game from behind the bench.

"Geisha girls" in amateur theatrical production.

Police department in the authority building

Image Credits

All Estelle Ishigo drawings are from 1942-1945 at the Heart Mountain Relocation Center, courtesy of the American Heritage Center. See more in the AHC's Estelle Ishigo digital collection. Photographs from the digital collections at the AHC. Newspaper images are from Wyoming Newspapers.

Copyright notice: Digitized collection materials are accessible for educational and personal research purposes.

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